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The Madness of the Gopis
From a dispersed series of the Bhagavata Purana

Artist/maker unknown, Indian

Made in Udaipur, Rajasthan, Mewar Region, India, Asia

c. 1750

Opaque watercolor and gold on paper

Image: 9 × 14 13/16 inches (22.9 × 37.6 cm) Sheet: 10 3/16 × 16 inches (25.9 × 40.6 cm)

Curatorial Department:
South Asian Art

Object Location:

Currently not on view

Accession Number:

Credit Line:
Stella Kramrisch Collection, 1994

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When night falls, Krishna plays his flute deep in the forest. Dropping everything, from chores to children to husbands, the cowherdesses (gopis) pursue him, but Krishna tells them to go home. When they beg, he flirts with them, caresses them, until each feels that she is Krishna's chosen one. Seeing them engulfed in such pride, Krishna instantly vanishes. Maddened by their longing, the gopis wander the forest in search of him. This painting shows the gopis imitating Krishna's heroic deeds and elements of his loveplay. At top, two gopis reenact infant Krishna suckling the life from the demoness Putana; another holds aloft her white clothing just as Krishna lofted Mount Govardhana. Others act out flute-playing, cowherding, and Krishna's love-games of piggyback and hide-and-seek. In their madness, the gopis dramatize the mystical identification between deity and devotee.